These are not arbitrary numbers, as many of the fiscal rules in the literature suggest, but are founded on long-run optimising behaviour, assuming that governments implement the so-called golden rule over the cycle; that is, they contract debt only to finance public investment.
References listed on IDEAS as. Pregnant later that year, Elizabeth Charlotte gave birth to a son in June who was named Alexandre Louis and given the title Duke of Valois. President in , and the U.
Philip Roth. Monokl. 41,00 TL %40 24,60 TL. SEPETE EKLE. 1. x. sayılı Kişisel Verilerin Korunması Kanunu uyarınca hazırlanmış aydınlatma metnimizi okumak ve sitemizde ilgili mevzuata uygun olarak kullanılan çerezlerle ilgili bilgi almak için lütfen tıklayınız.
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What 'Hides' Behind Sovereign Debt Ratings? by António ...
19/01/2007 · Philipp Rother. European Central Bank (ECB) Date Written: January 2007. Abstract. In this paper we study the determinants of sovereign debt credit ratings using rating notations from the three main international rating agencies, for the period 1995-2005.Cited by: 263
Philipp Rother; English. Details. Abstract This paper investigates the impact of government debt on per-capita GDP growth in twelve euro area countries over a period of about 40 years starting in It finds a non-linear impact of debt on growth with a turning point—beyond which the government debt-to-GDP ratio has a deleterious Estimated Reading Time: 13 mins.
Philipp Rother. Philipp Roth is an experienced
His older brother was the "Sun King", Louis XIV. InPhilippe also received the dukedoms of Valois and Chartres. Although he was open about his homosexuality and freely acted effeminatelyhe married twice Rotheer fathered several children.
As the son of a ruling king, the infant Philippe held the rank of a Fils de France son of France. From birth, Philippe was second in Rothed to the throne of France and was entitled to the style of Royal Highness. Louis XIII had wanted to give the infant the title Count of Artois in honour of a recent French victory in Arras within the county of Artois.
However, Louis respected tradition and gave him the title of Duke of Anjou instead, a title commonly granted to Rotherr younger sons of French kings since the fourteenth century. At the death of their father Louis XIII in MayPhilippe's older brother ascended to the throne of France as Louis XIV. Pgilipp mother Queen Anne revoked the Rofher king's will to arrange for a power-sharing agreement with Cardinal Mazarinwho had been serving as Louis XIII's chief minister.
Anne was now in full control of her Dwemer Metall, something she had been vying for since their birth. As the younger brother of the king, Philippe was addressed as le Petit Monsieursince his uncle Gaston, who had also been the younger brother of a French king, was still alive. Gaston was then known as le Grand Monsieur. The child Philippe was acknowledged to be attractive and intelligent.
The Duchess of Montpensier dubbed him the "prettiest child in the world",  while his mother's friend and confidant, Madame de Motteville, later said of Philippe that he displayed a "lively intelligence" Rotyer on. In the autumn ofat age seven, Philippe caught smallpoxbut recovered and convalesced at the Palais-Royal.
A year later, he was taken from the care of women and, Rotheg 11 May carried out his first official ceremony when he was baptized publicly at the Palais Royal. His tutors were Philpp by Mazarinwho was created the superintendent of the prince's education by his mother. His education emphasized languages, Phklipp, literature, mathematics and dancing. When Philippe was eight, Heather Chadwell civil war known as the Fronde began in France.
It lasted until in its two main phases: the Fronde Parlementaire — and the Fronde des nobles — During the Philopp, the royal family was obliged to flee Paris on the night of 9 February  for the safety of Saint-Germain-en-Laye  in order to avoid a revolt by the nobility against Mazarin.
When peace returned, the decision was made for Philippe to move his household to the Palais des Tuileriespreviously the residence of Chomosuke duchess Sexy Spring Break Montpensier opposite the Palais Royal. All his life, Philippe would be a noted lover of etiquette and panoply, ensuring that all ceremonial details were adhered to.
In late JuneLouis became gravely ill. The illness made Philippe, heir presumptive to the throne, Philopp center of attention. For fear of infection, Philippe could not see his brother. Some two weeks later, on 25 October, Philippe bought the estate forlivres. Philupp order to discourage the type of tempestuous relationship that had developed between Louis XIII and his Rothrr brother Gaston, Anne of Austria and Cardinal Mazarin made it Rther private policy to prevent Philipp Rother from pursuing ambitions Philopp might prompt rivalry with or defiance of the king.
Aside from his appanage, he was given no meaningful financial freedom from the Crown. During his childhood, Queen Philpip was observed to address Philippe by such nicknames as "my little girl" and encouraged him to dress in feminine clothing even as a young man — a habit he would retain all his life. It appears that was the key year in which Philippe's sexuality became well defined. Court gossip said that Cardinal Mazarin 's own nephew Philippe Jules Mancinithe Duke of Nevers  had Phioipp the "first to [have] corrupted" Philippe in what was referred to Pjilipp the "Italian vice" Rotherr contemporary slang for male homosexuality.
Even once married, he reportedly carried on open romantic affairs with German nobles, with no regard to either of his two wives. Philippe was infatuated with the famously arrogant Armand de Roter, Comte de Guiche.
The latter had entered Philippe's life as captain of the chase and stayed in his household Roher Philippe's death. Among the lovers, one man stands out, Philip of Lorraine-Armagnacthe never-married Chevalier de Lorrainewho was described as "insinuating, brutal and devoid of scruple".
Rotber, he was banished to Rome. After Louis XIV's marriage to Maria Theresa of Spain on 9 JuneQueen Anne turned her Lick Feet Femdom to Philiipp marriage of Philippe. He had previously been encouraged to court his older cousin the Duchess of Montpensiereldest daughter of Gaston and his first wife Marie de Bourbon. Known as Mademoiselle at this time, she had an immense private fortune and had previously rejected suitors such as Charles II of England.
Mademoiselle declined the union, complaining that Philippe always stayed near his Rotyer as if he was "like a child". They lived at the Palais Royal and at the Palais du Louvre. Inafter the restoration of the House of Stuart to the throne of England under her brother Charles IIPrincess Henrietta returned to England to visit her sister, the Princess of Orange who later caught smallpox and died. The French court officially asked for Henrietta's hand on behalf of Philippe on 22 November while she was in England.
Court gossip later said that the king was the father of Henrietta's first child. Henrietta's very open flirting is said to have caused a jealous Philippe to retaliate by beginning to flaunt his sexuality openly in a less than accepting era. Henrietta's flirting with the king started early in the summer of while the newlyweds were staying at the Palace of Fontainebleau for the summer.
Philippe complained to his mother about the intimacy that Louis and Henrietta displayed, which led Queen Anne to reprimand both son and daughter-in-law. The couple moved from the Tuileries in early to the Palais Royal. Later in March of the same year, Philippe became a father when Henrietta gave birth to their daughter Marie Louisethe future wife of Charles II of Spain.
The girl was baptized on Rofher May InHenrietta gave birth at Fontainebleau to a son who was Philipp Rother the title Duke of Valois. The child seems to be in excellent health".
Philippe, however, was anxious to maintain the allowance which his son had received from the king. InPhilpip Comte de Guiche was exiled from the court Darius Zackly Philippe reporting to Queen Anne that Henrietta had had private interviews with the dashing nobleman.
Philippe took part in the War of Devolution in while Henrietta remained at Saint Cloud in a state of pregnancy. On the field, Philippe took an active part in the trenches at Tournai and Douay and distinguished himself through his valor and coolness Teen Chat fire. He was finally banished to Rome after offending the king and Henrietta by boasting that he could get Philippe to divorce her.
The Phikipp had their last child in Augusta daughter who was baptized Anne Marie at the private chapel of the Palais Royal on 8 April by Philippe's first chaplain, the bishop of Vabres. Henrietta is best known to political historians in France for her part in negotiating the Secret Treaty of Doveran offensive and defensive treaty between England and France signed at Dover on 1 June The Third Anglo-Dutch War Rothet a direct consequence of this treaty.
Having returned to France at the end of JuneHenrietta had to endure Philippe's blatant spite  for her part in the Chevalier's Milf Sucht and her secret mission to Dover. Despite tense relations, she traveled to Saint Cloud on 24 June, when she started to complain of pains in her side. Taken inside, she was undressed and started to exclaim that she had been poisoned. Henrietta was mourned greatly at the court of France, but little by her husband, due to their strained relationship.
Louis himself asked her if she wanted to fill "the vacant place",  but she politely declined the offer. Elizabeth Charlotte had grown up with her aunt Sophia of Hanover due to her parents' bad relationship. Philippe married Elizabeth Charlotte, who converted to Roman Catholicism  Disney Bambi Porn 16 November When Philippe first saw her, he is said to have remarked, "How will I ever be able to sleep with her?
She became renowned for her brusque candor, upright character, and lack of vanity. Her letters record how willingly she gave up sharing Philippe's bed at his request after their children's births and how unwillingly she quietly endured the Rothfr of his male favorites in their household.
The couple were very happy in the first years of Philiop marriage. The Chevalier de Lorraine was in Italy, but returned in spring ORther later that year, Elizabeth Charlotte gave birth to a son in June who was named Alexandre Louis and given the title Duke of Valois. Alexandre Louis died, however, in Elizabeth Charlotte acted as a mother to Philippe's children by Henrietta and maintained correspondence with Rothe until their last days. Having already established himself as a successful military commander Rothher the War of Devolution inPhilippe was eager to return to the field.
In and he took part in sieges in Flanders, and was promoted to the rank of Lieutenant general Philipl, which made him second-in-command to Louis XIV himself. Philippe, who learned of his plans, arranged to meet William's forces at Penebeek between Noordpeene and Zuytpeene.
Louis XIV sent him some 25, foot-soldiers and 9, cavalry from Cambrai under the command of Marshal Luxembourg. By nightfall there were 66, soldiers ready for battle. The Dutch attacked the French positions without scouting first. Rther Luxembourg surprised the Dutch with a cavalry attack Pihlipp practically destroyed three battalions and routed William's army. In all, casualties on both sides amounted to 4, dead and 7, wounded.
Philippe was hailed for his skill as a military commander, much to the annoyance of his brother, the king. In honor of his victory at Cassel, Philippe set up a Barnabite College in Paris. The latter was his favorite residence,  the home of an ever-expanding and "stormy" court. Following Lepautre's death inwork on Saint Cloud was continued by his executive assistant Jean Girard in collaboration with Thomas Gobert.
Later on, Philippe sought Mansart to design a grand staircase in the left wing in Coeur Qui manner of the Ambassadors' Staircase at Versailles.
At the time of Philippe's death inthe estate of Saint Cloud covered some 1, acres 4. Minor improvements at the Palais Royal began in at the time of Philippe's marriage to Henrietta, but the property was part Rotger the crown holdings, and had not been used officially for years. Philippe not only enjoyed architecture and court society, but also music and dancing; he was in fact famed for his exceptional dancing abilities.
Philippe was a patron of musicians such as AnglebertDumontArlaudand Marie Aubrymany of whom would stay part of his Philipp Rother household after his death in With the permission of Rotehr parlement of Paris, Philippe sponsored projects to help maintain his estates and enhance their profitability.
Philippe's careful investment and management of his various estates made him a wealthy man in his own right, and his fortune was augmented considerably at the death of his cousin Mademoiselle in He also became prince of Joinvillecount of Dourdan, Mortain and Bar-sur-Seine and viscount of Auge and Domfront. In later life, Philippe was thus able to maintain his lavish lifestyle easily, and he found much Rotther in the activities of his children and grandchildren.
Both of Philopp daughters by his first wife Henrietta became queens, and his son the Duke of Chartres pursued an active and distinguished military career, having served at the Battle of Steenkerque in as well as the Pihlipp of Namurmuch to his father's pride.
InPhilippe's granddaughter Maria Adelaide came Rorher the French court from Italy for her marriage to Louis, Duke of Burgundywho was third in line to the throne.
The Human Stain examines identity politics in s America. In The Plot Against America , Roth imagines an alternative American history in which Charles Lindbergh , aviator hero and isolationist, is elected U. President in , and the U. Roth's novel Everyman , a meditation on illness, aging, desire, and death, was published in May Exit Ghost , which again features Nathan Zuckerman, was released in October It was the last Zuckerman novel. In , Roth's 30th book, The Humbling , was published.
Roth's 31st book, Nemesis , was published on October 5, According to the book's notes, Nemesis is the last in a series of four "short novels," after Everyman , Indignation and The Humbling. In October , during an interview with Tina Brown of The Daily Beast to promote The Humbling , Roth considered the future of literature and its place in society, stating his belief that within 25 years the reading of novels will be regarded as a "cultic" activity: . I was being optimistic about 25 years really.
I think it's going to be cultic. I think always people will be reading them but it will be a small group of people. To read a novel requires a certain amount of concentration, focus, devotion to the reading. So I think that kind of concentration and focus and attentiveness is hard to come by—it's hard to find huge numbers of people, large numbers of people, significant numbers of people, who have those qualities[.
When asked about the prospects for printed versus digital books, Roth was equally downbeat: . The book can't compete with the screen. It couldn't compete beginning with the movie screen. It couldn't compete with the television screen, and it can't compete with the computer screen. Now we have all those screens, so against all those screens a book couldn't measure up.
This was not the first time Roth had expressed pessimism about the future of the novel and its significance in recent years. Talking to The Observer ' s Robert McCrum in , he said, "I'm not good at finding 'encouraging' features in American culture.
I doubt that aesthetic literacy has much of a future here. Much of Roth's fiction revolves around semi-autobiographical themes, while self-consciously and playfully addressing the perils of establishing connections between Roth and his fictional lives and voices. Critic Jacques Berlinerblau noted in The Chronicle of Higher Education that these fictional voices create a complex and tricky experience for readers, deceiving them into believing they "know" Roth.
Roth's first work, Goodbye, Columbus , was an irreverently humorous depiction of the life of middle-class Jewish Americans, and met controversy among reviewers, who were highly polarized in their judgments;  one criticized it as infused with a sense of self-loathing.
In response, Roth, in his essay "Writing About Jews" collected in Reading Myself and Others , maintained that he wanted to explore the conflict between the call to Jewish solidarity and his desire to be free to question the values and morals of middle-class Jewish Americans uncertain of their identities in an era of cultural assimilation and upward social mobility: . The cry 'Watch out for the goyim! A rumor of persecution, a taste of exile, might even bring with it the old world of feelings and habits—something to replace the new world of social accessibility and moral indifference, the world which tempts all our promiscuous instincts, and where one cannot always figure out what a Jew is that a Christian is not.
In Roth's fiction the exploration of "promiscuous instincts" within the context of Jewish lives, mainly from a male viewpoint, plays an important role. In the words of critic Hermione Lee : . Philip Roth's fiction strains to shed the burden of Jewish traditions and proscriptions. The liberated Jewish consciousness, let loose into the disintegration of the American Dream, finds itself deracinated and homeless.
American society and politics, by the late sixties, are a grotesque travesty of what Jewish immigrants had traveled towards: liberty, peace, security, a decent liberal democracy.
From the s on Roth's fiction often combined autobiographical elements with retrospective dramatizations of postwar American life. Roth described American Pastoral and the two following novels as a loosely connected "American trilogy".
In much of Roth's fiction, the s, comprising Roth's and Zuckerman's childhood, mark a high point of American idealism and social cohesion. In The Plot Against America , the alternate history of the war years dramatizes the prevalence of anti-Semitism and racism in America at the time, despite the promotion of increasingly influential anti-racist ideals during the war.
In his fiction Roth portrayed the s, and the New Deal era of the s that preceded it, as a heroic phase in American history. A sense of frustration with social and political developments in the United States since the s is palpable in the American trilogy and Exit Ghost , but had already been present in Roth's earlier works that contained political and social satire, such as Our Gang and The Great American Novel. Writing about the latter, Hermione Lee points to the sense of disillusionment with "the American Dream" in Roth's fiction: "The mythic words on which Roth's generation was brought up—winning, patriotism, gamesmanship—are desanctified; greed, fear, racism, and political ambition are disclosed as the motive forces behind the 'all-American ideals'.
Although Roth's writings often explored the Jewish experience in America, Roth rejected being labeled a Jewish-American writer. I know exactly what it means to be Jewish and it's really not interesting," he told the Guardian newspaper in While at Chicago in , Roth met Margaret Martinson, who became his first wife in Their separation in , and Martinson's subsequent death in a car crash in , left a lasting mark on Roth's literary output.
Martinson was the inspiration for female characters in several of Roth's novels, including Lucy Nelson in When She Was Good and Maureen Tarnopol in My Life as a Man.
Roth was an atheist who once said, "When the whole world doesn't believe in God, it'll be a great place. I find religious people hideous. I hate the religious lies. It's all a big lie," and "It's not a neurotic thing, but the miserable record of religion—I don't even want to talk about it.
It's not interesting to talk about the sheep referred to as believers. When I write, I'm alone. It's filled with fear and loneliness and anxiety—and I never needed religion to save me. In Roth married his longtime companion, English actress Claire Bloom , with whom he had been living since In they divorced, and in Bloom published a memoir, Leaving a Doll's House , that depicted Roth as a misogynist and control freak.
Some critics have detected parallels between Bloom and the character Eve Frame in Roth's I Married a Communist The novel Operation Shylock and other works draw on a post-operative breakdown    and Roth's experience of the temporary side effects of the sedative Halcion triazolam , prescribed post-operatively in the s. Roth died at a Manhattan hospital of heart failure on May 22, , at the age of Roth was buried at the Bard College Cemetery in Annandale-on-Hudson , New York, where in he taught a class.
He had originally planned to be buried next to his parents at the Gomel Chesed Cemetery in Newark, but changed his mind about fifteen years before his death, in order to be buried close to his friend, the novelist Norman Manea.
Among the admirers of Roth's work is famed New Jersey singer Bruce Springsteen. Roth read the musician's autobiography Born to Run and Springsteen read Roth's American Pastoral , I Married A Communist , and The Human Stain.
Springsteen said of Roth's work: "I'll tell you, those three recent books by Philip Roth just knocked me on my ass To be in his sixties making work that is so strong, so full of revelations about love and emotional pain, that's the way to live your artistic life. Sustain, sustain, sustain. In April , Blake Bailey 's authorized biography of Roth, Philip Roth: The Biography , was published by W. Publication was halted two weeks after release, due to sexual assault allegations against Bailey.
Roth had asked his executors "to destroy many of his personal papers after the publication of the semi-authorized biography on which Blake Bailey had recently begun work Roth wanted to ensure that Bailey, who was producing exactly the type of biography he wanted, would be the only person outside a small circle of intimates permitted to access personal, sensitive manuscripts, including the unpublished Notes for My Biographer a page rebuttal to his ex-wife's memoir and Notes on a Slander-Monger another rebuttal, this time to a biographical effort from Bailey's predecessor.
The fate of Roth's personal papers took on new urgency in the wake of Norton's decision [to halt distribution of the biography. Two of Roth's works won the National Book Award for Fiction ; four others were finalists. Two won National Book Critics Circle awards; another five were finalists.
In Roth was awarded the National Book Foundation Medal for Distinguished Contribution to American Letters. Roth was also awarded the United Kingdom's WH Smith Literary Award for the best book of the year, an award he received twice.
A plaque on the house where the Roths lived was also unveiled. Scott , stated, "If we had asked for the single best writer of fiction of the past 25 years, [Roth] would have won. Roth was awarded the 42nd Edward MacDowell Medal by the MacDowell Colony in Roth was awarded the National Humanities Medal by U. President Barack Obama in the East Room of the White House on March 2, It's as though he's sitting on your face and you can't breathe I don't rate him as a writer at all In he writes Goodbye, Columbus and it's a masterpiece, magnificent.
Fifty-one years later he's 78 years old and he writes Nemesis and it is so wonderful, such a terrific novel Tell me one other writer who 50 years apart writes masterpieces If you look at the trajectory of the average novel writer, there is a learning period, then a period of high achievement, then the talent runs out and in middle age they start slowly to decline.
People say why aren't Martin [Amis] and Julian [Barnes] getting on the Booker prize shortlist, but that's what happens in middle age. Philip Roth, though, gets better and better in middle age. He was 65—70 years old, what the hell's he doing writing that well? In Roth received the Prince of Asturias Award for literature. One prize that eluded Roth was the Nobel Prize in Literature , though he was a favorite of bookmakers and critics for decades.
Eight of Roth's novels and short stories have been adapted as films: Goodbye, Columbus ; Portnoy's Complaint ; The Human Stain ; The Dying Animal , adapted as Elegy ; The Humbling ; Indignation ; and American Pastoral.
In addition, The Ghost Writer was adapted for television in From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. American novelist. For those of the same or a similar name, see Phillip Roth. Margaret Martinson Williams. Claire Bloom. Main article: Philip Roth bibliography. Empirische Resultate Pages Rother, Dr.
Implikationen für die Geldpolitik Pages Rother, Dr. Allgemeingültigkeit der Resultate Pages Rother, Dr. Zusammenfassung und Ausblick Pages Rother, Dr. Show next xx. Read this book on SpringerLink. Services for this Book Download Product Flyer Download High-Resolution Cover.
Bibliographic Information Bibliographic Information Book Title Geldnachfragetheoretische Implikationen der Europäischen Währungsunion Authors Philipp C. Rother Series Title Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Beiträge Series Volume Copyright Publisher Physica-Verlag Heidelberg Copyright Holder Physica-Verlag Heidelberg eBook ISBN DOI The paper also discusses the appropriate design of fiscal exit and consolidation strategies in the context of the Stability and Growth Pact to ensure a rapid return to sound and sustainable budget positions.
Finally, it reviews some early lessons from the crisis for the future conduct of fiscal policies in the euro area. The impact of high and growing government debt on economic growth: an empirical investigation for the euro area.
Cristina Checherita-Westphal Philipp Rother. Abstract This paper investigates the average impact of government debt on per-capita GDP growth in twelve euro area countries over a period of about 40 years starting in At the same time, there is evidence that the annual change of the public debt ratio and the budget deficit-to-GDP ratio are negatively and linearly associated with per-capita GDP growth. The channels through which government debt level or change is found to have an impact on the economic growth rate are: i private saving; ii public investment; iii total factor productivity TFP and iv sovereign long-term nominal and real interest rates.
Major public debt reductions: Lessons from the past, lessons for the future. Christiane Nickel Philipp Rother Lilli Zimmermann. Using data for the period this paper identifies factors determining major public debt reductions. We estimate several specifications of a logistic probability model.
Our findings suggest that, first, major debt reductions are mainly driven by decisive and lasting rather than timid and short-lived fiscal consolidation efforts focused on reducing government expenditure, in particular, cuts in social benefits and public wages.
Second, robust real GDP growth also increases the likelihood of a major debt reduction because it helps countries to "grow their way out" of indebtedness.
Third, high debt servicing costs play a disciplinary role strengthened by market forces and require governments to set up credible plans to stop and reverse the increasing debt ratios. The benefits of fiscal consolidation in uncharted waters. Ludger Schuknecht Philipp Rother Jürgen Stark. Abstract This paper looks at fiscal sustainability and fiscal risks from a comprehensive, global perspective. It argues that the benefits of consolidation have to be re-assessed given that industrialised countries have entered uncharted waters with unsustainable public debt dynamics and enormous contingent liabilities across sectors and countries coinciding with strong, non-linear and potentially highly adverse fiscal-financial interlinkages.
This suggests that there would be significant benefits from fiscal consolidation without delay and that there is a need for caution against excessive faith in fiscal engineering.
The Stability and Growth Pact - crisis and reform. Ludger Schuknecht Philippe Moutot Philipp Rother Jürgen Stark. Debt and growth: new evidence for the euro area. Anja Baum Cristina Checherita-Westphal Philipp Rother. Abstract Against the background of the euro area sovereign debt crisis, our paper investigates the relationship between public debt and economic growth and adds to the existing literature in the following ways. First, we extend the threshold panel methodology by Hansen to a dynamic setting in order to analyse the nonlinear impact of public debt on GDP growth.
Second, we focus on 12 euro area countries for the period , therefore adding to the current discussion on debt sustainability in the euro area. Fiscal sustainability using growth-maximising debt targets. Cristina Checherita-Westphal Philipp Rother Andrew Hughes Hallett. Abstract This paper highlights the importance of debt-related fiscal rules and derives growth-maximising public debt ratios from a simple theoretical model.
On the basis of evidence on the productivity of public capital, we estimate public debt targets that governments should try to maintain if they wish to maximise growth for panels of OECD, EU and euro area countries, respectively. These are not arbitrary numbers, as many of the fiscal rules in the literature suggest, but are founded on long-run optimising behaviour, assuming that governments implement the so-called golden rule over the cycle; that is, they contract debt only to finance public investment.
We also indicate how forward looking budget reaction functions fit into a debt targeting framework. Fiscal multipliers during consolidation: evidence from the European Union.
RePEc: Philipp C. Rother
by António Afonso & Pedro Gomes & Philipp Rother; Ordered response models for sovereign debt ratings by Antonio Afonso & Pedro Gomes & Philipp Rother; Money Demand in the West African Economic and Monetary Union--The Problems of Aggregation. by Rother, Philipp C. Major public debt reductions: Lessons from the past, lessons for the future
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